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Health Inequalities

Drivers of inequalities

In this section we draw attention to some of the main drivers of inequality in youth health. There is a range of economic and social factors that combine to influence young people’s health outcomes, which are known as the social determinants of health.

One in five secondary school aged children are eligible for free school meals

We look at factors such as deprivation, education and employment here as some of the major drivers for health. Certain groups of young people are more likely to experience health inequalities. For example, we look at data relating to care experienced young people, young people in the youth justice system and young people with special educational needs as examples.

Some of the relevant information informing this section is also reported in the Key Data on Young People section of this website, so we’ve put in some relevant links to those data.

In order to highlight the associations in the clearest way, some of the charts have both the raw data and also a ‘trend line’ to indicate the association, if any, between area deprivation and outcomes. The trend line is drawn using a formula that find a line that best fits the data points.


All data correct as of 1st May 2022