Health Inequalities

Drivers of inequalities

In this section we draw attention to some of the main drivers of inequality in youth health. There is a range of economic and social factors that combine to influence young people’s health outcomes, which are known as the social determinants of health.

One in five secondary school aged children are eligible for free school meals


Centrepoint (2020) Youth Homelessness Databank fact sheet. London: Centrepoint.

Children’s Commissioner (2021) Bleak houses: Tackling the crisis of family homelessness in England. London: Children’s Commissioner.

Children and Young People’s Health Outcomes Forum (2012) Inequalities in health outcomes and how they might be addressed. UK Government.

Department for Education (2021a) School, pupils and their characteristics: January 2021. London: UK Government.

Department for Education (2021b) Statistics: special educational needs (SEN). London: UK Government.

Department for Education (2022a) Children looked after in England including adoptions. London: UK Government.

Department for Education (2022b) State of the nation 2021: children and young people’s wellbeing. UK Government: Government Social Research.

House of Commons Library (2021) Research Briefing: Poverty in the UK: Statistics. London: House of Commons.

Ministry of Housing, Communities and Local Government (2020) People living in deprived neighbourhoods. London: UK Government.

Office for National Statistics (ONS) (2022) Young people not in education, employment or training (NEET). Cardiff: ONS.


All data correct as of 1st May 2022