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Health Inequalities


The “social determinants” of health (such as poverty) are translated into health inequalities in a number of ways including, for example, by creating barriers in access to services. We’ve called these factors “levers” for change. 

There are twice as many youth services in England’s richest areas than in the poorest

In this section we look at what some of these levers might be. Potentially they offer ways of reducing health inequalities in young people.

Depending on where young people live, their education or employment status and the situation they grow up in, they are either provided with opportunities or presented with barriers for participating fully in society. Some groups of young people may be more likely to experience economic hardship, racism, discrimination or stigma that prevent them from accessing and engaging with services and aspects of society. This is a significant way in which “social determinants” are translated into health inequalities. These levers offer us a good place to start in terms of interventions to reduce inequality.

In order to highlight the associations in the clearest way, some of the charts have both the raw data and also a ‘trend line’ to indicate the association, if any, between area deprivation and outcomes. The trend line is drawn using a formula that find a line that best fits the data points.


All data correct as of 1st May 2022