1. Home
  2.  » 
  3. Key Data
  4.  » 
  5. Mental Health
  6.  » Mental health: references


Mental health

Some of the most common mental disorders experienced by young people include anxiety disorders, mood disorders, behavioural disorders and eating disorders. Mental health problems have important implications for all aspects of young people’s lives.

Among boys the likelihood of a disorder is highest at age 11-16.  Among girls, it is 17-19


Arcelus J, Mitchell A, Wales, J, and Nielsen S (2011) Mortality rates in patients with Anorexia Nervosa and other eating disorders. Archives of General Psychiatry, 68(7), 724-731

Children’s Society (2021) The Good Childhood Report 2021. London: Children’s Society https://www.childrenssociety.org.uk/information/professionals/resources/good-childhood-report-2021

Generation Scotland (2020) TeenCovidLife Survey 1 General Report health and wellbeing of young people in lockdown August 2020. Edinburgh: Generation Scotland https://www.ed.ac.uk/files/atoms/files/2020-08-07_teencovidlife_survey_1_general_report_v2.pdf

Gillies D, Christou M, Dixon A et al (2018) Prevalence and Characteristics of Self-Harm in Adolescents: Meta-Analyses of Community-Based Studies 1990-2015 J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 57(10):733-741. doi: 10.1016/j.jaac.2018.06.018. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/30274648/

Global Health Data Exchange (2021) Global Burden of Disease Study. Global Health Data Exchange. http://ghdx.healthdata.org/gbd-results-tool?params=gbd-api-2019-permalink/174176ca76108948d193367ee47123b1  Downloaded 26 Aug 2021

Hagell A (2021) Summarising what we know so far about the impact of Covid-19 on young people. London: Association for Young People’s Health https://www.youngpeopleshealth.org.uk/wp-content/uploads/2021/02/Impact-of-Covid-19-on-young-people-briefing.pdf

HSCIC (2014) Provisional monthly hospital episode statistics for admitted care outpatients and A&E data April 2013-October 2013: Topic of interest – Eating disorders. HSCIC https://digital.nhs.uk/data-and-information/publications/statistical/hospital-episode-statistics-for-admitted-patient-care-outpatient-and-accident-and-emergency-data/provisional-monthly-hospital-episode-statistics-for-admitted-patient-care-outpatients-and-accident-and-emergency-data-april-2013-to-october-2013

Kessler R, Berglund P, Demler O, Jin R, Merikangas K, and Walters E (2005) Lifetime prevalence and age-of-onset distributions of DSM-IV disorders in the National Comorbidity Survey Replication. Arch Gen Psychiatry, 62, 593-602 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15939837

Kim-Cohen J, Caspi A, Moffitt T, Harrington H, Milne B, and Poulton R (2003)  Prior juvenile diagnoses in adults with mental disorder: developmental follow-back of a prospective-longitudinal cohort. Arch Gen Psychiatry 2003; 60: 709–17 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12860775

McManus S, Bebbington P, Jenkins R, Brugha T (Eds) (2016) Mental health and wellbeing in England: Adult Psychiatric Morbidity Survey 2014. Leeds: NHS

NHS Digital (2020a) Health Survey for England 2019 https://digital.nhs.uk/data-and-information/publications/statistical/health-survey-for-england/2019

NHS Digital (2020b) Mental Health of Children and Young People in England, 2020 Wave 1 follow up to the 2017 survey  https://files.digital.nhs.uk/AF/AECD6B/mhcyp_2020_rep_v2.pdf

Sadler K, Vizard T, Ford T, Goodman A, and Goodman R (2018) Mental health of children and young people in England, 2017. London: NHS Digital https://digital.nhs.uk/data-and-information/publications/statistical/mental-health-of-children-and-young-people-in-england/2017/2017

Scottish Government (2020a) Scottish Schools Adolescent Lifestyle and Substance Use Survey 2018: mental wellbeing report. Edinburgh: Scottish Government https://www.gov.scot/publications/scottish-schools-adolescent-lifestyle-substance-use-survey-salsus-mental-wellbeing-report-2018/

Scottish Government (2020b) Scottish Health Survey, 2019 edition. Edinburgh: Scottish Government  https://www.gov.scot/publications/scottish-health-survey-2019-volume-1-main-report/pages/5/

Solmi M, Radua J, Olivola, M et al (2021). Age at onset of mental disorders worldwide: large-scale meta-analysis of 192 epidemiological studies. Mol Psychiatry (2021). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41380-021-01161-7



All data correct as of 1st November 2021