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Physical health conditions

Although the years 10-24 tend to be a time of good physical health, many young people will experience a range of short term physical health problems.  A significant minority will have long-term chronic conditions or some kind of disability.

Young people aged 16-20 are the group most likely to be diagnosed with asthma


Aaberg KM, Bakken IJ, Lossius MI, et al (2016) Comorbidity and Childhood Epilepsy: A Nationwide Registry Study. Pediatrics. 2016;138(3):e20160921 https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/27482059/

Asthma UK (2019) Asthma facts and statistics  https://www.asthma.org.uk/about/media/facts-and-statistics/

Bhate K and Williams HC (2012) Epidemiology of acne vulgaris.  British Journal of Dermatology, 168 474-485 https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/23210645/

British Lung Foundation (2016) Respiratory Health of the Nation London: BLF https://statistics.blf.org.uk/lung-disease-uk-big-picture

Brooks, F., Klemera, E., Chester, K., Magnusson, J. & Spencer, N. (2020). HBSC England National Report: Findings from the 2018 HBSC study for England. http://hbscengland.org/wp-content/uploads/2020/01/HBSC-England-National-Report-2020.pdf

Cancer Research UK (2020)  Young people’s cancers incidence statistics  https://www.cancerresearchuk.org/health-professional/cancer-statistics/young-people-cancers/incidence#heading-One

Candler T, Mahmoud O, Lynn R, Majbar A, Barrett T and Shield J (3018) Continuing rise of Type 2 diabetes incidence in children and young people in the UK.  Diabetic Medicine, 35, 737-744  https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/29460341/

CCAA (2021) About Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis (JIA) https://www.ccaa.org.uk/about-jia/#1610720875216-1ee9c596-a4aa

Churchill R, Allen J, Denman S, Williams D, Fielding K and von Frangstein M (2000) Do the attitudes and beliefs of young teenagers towards general practice influence actual consultation behaviour? British Journal of General Practice 50, 953-997 https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/11224965/

Department for Work and Pensions (2020) Family Resources Survey: financial year 2018/19 https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/874523/frs-disability-data-tables-2018-19.xlsx

Diabetes UK (2018) Nearly 7000 children and young people with type 2 diabetes https://www.diabetes.org.uk/about-us/news/children-young-adults-type-2-rise

Diabetes UK (2019) Facts and stats update January 2019

Diabetes UK (2021) Infographics https://www.diabetes.org.uk/resources-s3/2017-09/Infographics%20-%20Final%20Approved.pdf

Epilepsy Society (2021) Facts about epilepsy  https://epilepsysociety.org.uk/sites/default/files/2021-01/Facts%20about%20epilepsy%20Jan%2021_0.pdf

Foster, M (2020).  National Haemoglobinopathy Report 2019/20

Gotzinger F, Santiago-Garcia B, Noguera-Julian A et al (2020) Covid-19 in children and adolescents in Europe: a multinational, multicentre cohort study.  Lancet. https://www.thelancet.com/journals/lanchi/article/PIIS2352-4642(20)30177-2/fulltext

Grandi et al (2012) Prevalence of menstrual pain in young women: what is dysmenorrhea? J Pain Research 5: 169–174.

Howard R (2011) Chronic pain problems in children and young people.   Continuing Evidence in Anaesthesia, Critical Care and Pain.  11 (6) 219-223 https://academic.oup.com/bjaed/article/11/6/219/263888

Lynn D, Umari T, Dunnick C, Dellavalle R (2016) The epidemiology of acne vulgaris in late adolescence.  Adolesc Health Med Ther 7 13-25 https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4769025/

Mandalenakis Z, Karrazisis C, Tkoglund K et al (2019) Risk of cancer among children and young adults with congenital heart disease compared with healthy controls.  JAMA Netw Open. 2(7):e196762

Mukiherjee M, Stoddart A, Gupta R et al (2016) The epidemiology, healthcare and societal burden and costs of asthma in the UK and its member nations: analyses of standalone and linked national databases.  BMC Medicine, 14:113 https://bmcmedicine.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12916-016-0657-8

NHS Digital (2018) Health Survey for England 2017: Adult health.   London: NHS Digital https://files.digital.nhs.uk/8E/8907A5/HSE17-Adult-Health-rep.pdf

NHS Digital (2019) Health Survey for England 2018.  London: NHS Digital. https://files.digital.nhs.uk/47/924178/HSE18-Longstanding-conditions-tab.xlsx

NHS England (2021). GP Patient Survey. https://gp-patient.co.uk/analysistool?trend=0&nationaldata=1

NICE (2013) Epilepsy in children and young people https://www.nice.org.uk/guidance/qs27/resources/services-for-the-diagnosis-and-management-of-the-epilepsies-in-adults-children-and-young-people-commissioning-guide-317820637/chapter/3-assessing-service-levels-for-the-diagnosis-and-management-of-the-epilepsies

Nieswand V, Richter M and Gossrau G (2020) Epidemiology of headache in children and adolescents – another type of pandemia.  Curr Pain Headache Rep. 2020; 24(10): 62. doi: 10.1007/s11916-020-00892-6

Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency (NISRA) (2020). Young Persons’ Behaviour and Attitude Survey 2019. https://www.nisra.gov.uk/sites/nisra.gov.uk/files/publications/YPBAS%202019%20Tables.xlsx

Office for National Statistics (2020) Young people’s well-being: 2020 https://www.ons.gov.uk/file?uri=/peoplepopulationandcommunity/wellbeing/datasets/youngpeopleswellbeingmeasures/current/ypreferencetables0920reformatted.xlsx

Office for National Statistics (2021) – Prevalence of ongoing symptoms following coronavirus (COVID-19) infection in the UK https://www.ons.gov.uk/peoplepopulationandcommunity/healthandsocialcare/conditionsanddiseases/datasets/alldatarelatingtoprevalenceofongoingsymptomsfollowingcoronaviruscovid19infectionintheuk

Plan International UK (2018) Break the barriers: Girls’ experiences of menstruation in the UK.  London: Plan International

Public Health England (2020) Chronic pain in adults 2017 Health Survey for England https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/940858/Chronic_Pain_Report.pdf

Rare Diseases UK (2019)  Understanding children and young peoples experiences.  London: Rare Diseases UK https://www.raredisease.org.uk/wp-content/uploads/sites/7/2018/04/understanding-children-and-young-peoples-experiences-website.pdf

RCPCH (2020) Covid-19 research evidence summaries.  London: RCPCCH https://www.rcpch.ac.uk/resources/covid-19-research-evidence-summaries

RCPCH (2021) National Paediatric Diabetes Audit 2018/19 (2020) Annual report 2018-19: Care processes and outcomes https://www.rcpch.ac.uk/sites/default/files/2020-03/final_npda_core_report_2018-2019.pdf

Scholfield J, Fleming D, Grindlay D and Williams H (2011) Skin conditions are the commonest new reason people present to general practitioners in England and Wales. Br J Dermatol, 165(5) 1044-50 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21692764

Scholfield J, Grindlay D and Williams H (2009) Skin conditions in the UK: A health care needs assessment. Nottingham: Centre of Evidence Based Dermatology http://www.nottingham.ac.uk/research/groups/cebd/documents/hcnaskinconditionsuk2009.pdf

Simoni A, Horne R, Fleming L, Bush A and Griffiths C (2017) What do adolescents with asthma really think about adherence to inhalers?  Insights from a qualitative analysis of a UK online forum.  BMJ Open:7:e015245 https://bmjopen.bmj.com/content/7/6/e015245

Smithard A, Glazebrook C and Williams H (2001) Acne prevalence, knowledge about acne and psychological morbidity in mid-adolescence: a community-based study.  British Journal of Dermatology, 147, 274-279  https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11531791

Snell N, Strachen D, Hubbard R et al (2016) Burden of lung disease in the UK; findings from the British Lung Foundation’s ‘respiratory health of the nation’ project.  European Respiratory Journal, 48, PA4913 https://erj.ersjournals.com/content/48/suppl_60/PA4913

Swann O, Holden K, Turtle L et al (2020) Clinical characteristics of children and young people admitted to hospital with Covid-19 in the UK: prospective multicentre observational cohort study.  BMJ 370m3249 https://www.bmj.com/content/370/bmj.m3249

Thomas R, Steer S, Gilpin T, Glasbey J, King W and Smith P (2012) Variability in adult epilepsy prevalence. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry, 83, e1: Abstracts from the Association of British Neurologists Annual Meeting 2011. http://jnnp.bmj.com/content/83/3/e1.222

All data correct as of 1st November 2021