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Public health outcomes

In this section we present data for some of the public health outcomes that are most relevant to young people 10-24, particularly those relating to health behaviours.  Separate sections present data on life expectancy, mental health and sexual health.

Only 1 in 8 young people in the UK eat 5 portions of fruit and vegetables every day


APPG on Smoking and Health (2020) “ Delivering a Smoke free 2030” LINK

Balding A and Regis D (2020) Young People into 2020. Exeter: Schools Health Education Unit

British Audience Research Board (2018) The viewing report: Our annual exploration of the UK’s viewing habits: May 2018. London.

Chaput J-P and Dutil C. (2016) ‘Lack of sleep as a contributor to obesity in adolescents: impacts on eating and activity behaviors’, International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity. BioMed Central, 13(1), p. 103. doi: 10.1186/s12966-016-0428-0.

Chief Medical Officer (2019) UK Chief Medical Officers’ Physical Activity Guidelines https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/832868/uk-chief-medical-officers-physical-activity-guidelines.pdf

Department for Transport (2020): National Travel Survey Statistics Travel by age and gender England NTS06

Editorial, Lancet Child Adolesc Health (2018) Normalising menstruation, empowering girls. 2(6):379, doi: 10.1016/S2352-4642(18)30143-3. Epub 2018 May 15.

Gambling Commission (2020) Young people and gambling 2020  http://www.gamblingcommission.gov.uk/news-action-and-statistics/Statistics-and-research/Levels-of-participation-and-problem-gambling/Young-persons-survey.aspx

Gireesh A, Das S and Viner R M (2018) ‘Impact of health behaviours and deprivation on well-being in a national sample of English young people’, BMJ Paediatrics Open. BMJ Specialist Journals, 2(1), p. e000335. doi: 10.1136/bmjpo-2018-000335.

Hagell A and Rigby E (2015) Looking at the effectiveness of prevention and early interventino.  British Journal of School Nursing 10(1) https://www.magonlinelibrary.com/doi/full/10.12968/bjsn.2015.10.1.26

Health and Social Care Information Centre (2015) Statistics on Smoking England 2015.  Leeds: HSCIC https://digital.nhs.uk/data-and-information/publications/statistical/statistics-on-smoking/statistics-on-smoking-england-2015

House of Commons Science and Technology Committee (2019) Impact of social media and screen-use on young people’s health. London: House of Commons.

Medic G, Wille M and Hemels M E (2017) ‘Short- and long-term health consequences of sleep disruption.’, Nature and science of sleep. Dove Press, 9, pp. 151–161. doi: 10.2147/NSS.S134864.

National Sleep Foundation (2015) National Sleep Foundation Recommends New Sleep Times National Sleep Foundation  https://www.sleepfoundation.org/press-release/national-sleep-foundation-recommends-new-sleep-times (Accessed: 4 June 2019).

NHS Digital (2019a) Smoking, drinking and drug use among young people: England 2018. London: NHS Digital. https://digital.nhs.uk/data-and-information/areas-of-interest/public-health/smoking-drinking-and-drug-use-among-young-people-in-england

NHS Digital (2019b) Health Survey for England 2018.  https://digital.nhs.uk/data-and-information/publications/statistical/health-survey-for-england/2018

NHS Digital 2020a) National Child Measurement Programme, England – 2019/20 School Year [PAS]. London: NHS Digital https://digital.nhs.uk/data-and-information/publications/statistical/national-child-measurement-programme/2019-20-school-year

NHS Digital, 2020b) Health and care of people with learning disabilities, Interactive Tool

NHS Digital (2020c) Health Survey for England 2019. London: NHS Digital.  https://digital.nhs.uk/data-and-information/publications/statistical/health-survey-for-england/2019

NHS on-line (2021) Polycystic Ovary Syndrome https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/polycystic-ovary-syndrome-pcos/

NISRA (2019) Young person’s behaviour and attitude survey 2019.

Ofcom (2020) Online Nation 2020 Report https://www.ofcom.org.uk/__data/assets/pdf_file/0027/196407/online-nation-2020-report.pdf

Office for National Statistics (2020) Adult smoking habits in Great Britain   https://www.ons.gov.uk/peoplepopulationandcommunity/healthandsocialcare/drugusealcoholandsmoking/datasets/adultsmokinghabitsingreatbritain

Onaolapo, O. J. and Onaolapo, A. Y. (2017) ‘Melatonin, adolescence, and the brain: An insight into the period-specific influences of a multifunctional signaling molecule’, Birth Defects Research, 109(20), pp. 1659–1671. doi: 10.1002/bdr2.1171.

Palmer T et al (2019) Prevalence of cervical disease at age 20 after immunisation with bivalent HPV vaccine at age 12-13 in Scotland: retrospective population study  British Medical Journal 365:l1161: doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.l1161

Plan International (2018) Break the Barriers: Girls’ experiences of menstruation in the UK.  London: Plan International, https://plan-uk.org/file/plan-uk-break-the-barriers-report-032018pdf/download?token=Fs-HYP3v

Public Health England (2018) Guidance: Physical activity: Applying all our health. London: PHE. https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/physical-activity-applying-all-our-health

Public Health England (2020a) National Diet and Nutrition Survey Rolling programme Years 9 to 11 (2016/2017 to 2018/2019) https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/943114/NDNS_UK_Y9-11_report.pdf

Public Health England (2020b), Local Alcohol Profiles for England (LAPE) Statistical Tables.  https://digital.nhs.uk/data-and-information/publications/statistical/statistics-on-alcohol/2020/part-1

Public Health England (2020c) Human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination coverage in adolescent females and males in England: academic year 2019 to 2020 https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/927694/hpr1920_HPV-vc.pdf

Public Health England (2021) Muscle and bone strengthening activities for children and young people (5 to 18 years) A rapid evidence review  https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/949958/CYP_MSBS_Review__1_.pdf

Public Health Wales (2020) Vaccine Uptake in Children in Wales COVER Annual Report 2020 Data for the year ending 31st March 2020 https://www2.nphs.wales.nhs.uk/CommunitySurveillanceDocs.nsf/($All)/FE3438CEC07000C5802585A800318939/$File/COVER20192020_v1.pdf

Reid Chassiakos Y L, Radesky J, Christakis J, Moreno M, Cross C, Council on Communications and Media (2016) ‘Children and Adolescents and Digital Media.’, Pediatrics. doi: 10.1542/peds.2016-2593.

Royal Society of Public Health (2017) #StatusofMind Social media and young people’s mental health and wellbeing. London: RSPH.

Royal College of Nursing (2015) Endometriosis fact sheet.  https://www.rcn.org.uk/professional-development/publications/pub-007240

Scottish Government (2018a) Scotland’s public health priorities. Edinburgh: Scottish Government.

Scottish Government (2020) Scottish Health Survey 2019. Edinburgh: Scottish Government.  file:///C:/Users/Ann/Downloads/scottish-health-survey-2019-edition-volume-1-main-report.pdf

Sport England (2021) Active Lives Children and Young People Survey Coronavirus (Covid-19) Report

Statistica (2020) Smartphone usage in the United Kingdom (UK) 2012-2020, by age https://www.statista.com/statistics/300402/smartphone-usage-in-the-uk-by-age/


All data correct as of 1st November 2021