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Use of health services

Good outcomes for young people rely on youth friendly health services – from community based health promotion through to NHS inpatient care.

Around two thirds of year 10 pupils had visited the doctors in the last six months


Allen D, Cohen D, Robling M, Hood K et al (2010) The transition from paediatric to adult diabetes services: what works, for whom and in what circumstances? London: NHS National Institute for Health Research

Balding A and Regis D (2020) Young people into 2020. Exeter: Schools Health Education Unit

Brodie I, Goldman R and Clapton J (2011) SCIE Research Briefing No.37: Mental health service transitions for young people. London: Social Care Institute for Excellence

Brooks F et al (2020) Brooks, F., Klemera, E., Chester, K., Magnusson, J. & Spencer, N. (2020). HBSC England National Report: Findings from the 2018 HBSC study for England. Hatfield, England: University of Hertfordshire.

Care Quality Commission (2015) Children and young people’s inpatient and day case survey 2014 https://www.cqc.org.uk/sites/default/files/20150626_cypsurvey_results_tables.pdf

Care Quality Commission (2019) Transitions out of Children and Young People’s Mental Health Services CQUIN. https://www.cqc.org.uk/sites/default/files/20180228_9001400%20_briefguide-transition_CQUIN.pdf

Cecil E, Bottle A, Ma R, Hargreaves D, Wolfe I, Mainous A and Saxena S (2018) Impact of preventative care on children’s unplanned hospital admissions: a population-based birth cohort study of UK children, 2000-2013. BMC Medicine, 16:151 https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30220255

Crowley R, Wolfe I, Lock K, McKee M (2011) Improving the transition between paediatric and adult healthcare: a systematic review. Archives of Disease in Childhood, 96, 548-553 https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21388969

Education Policy Institute (2018)  Access to children and young people’s mental health services 2018. London: EPI https://epi.org.uk/publications-and-research/access-to-camhs-2018/

Fraser L, Miller M, Hain R et al (2012) Rising national prevalence of life-limiting conditions in children in England. Pediatrics, 129(4) e923-9 https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22412035

Hayes, D., Cortina, M. A., Labno, A., Moore, A., Edbrooke-Childs, J., Moltrecht, B., Eisenstadt, M., Dalzell, K., & Deighton, J. (2020) Social Prescribing in Children and Young People: A review of the evidence. www.ucl.ac.uk/evidence-based-practice-unit/sites/evidence-based-practice-unit/files/review_social_prescribing_in_children_and_young_people_final_0.pdf

Hepburn C, Cohen E, Bhawra J, Weiser N, Hayeems R and Guttmann A (2015) Health system strategies supporting transition to adult care. Archives of Disease in Childhood, 100, 559-564 https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25688098

HSCIC (2009) Trends in consultation rates in general practice 1995/1996 to 2008/2009: Analysis of the QResearch database. Leeds, HSCIC https://digital.nhs.uk/data-and-information/publications/statistical/trends-in-consultation-rates-in-general-practice/trends-in-consultation-rates-in-general-practice-1995-2009

HSCIC (2011) Oral health and function – a report from the Adult Dental Health Survey 2009. Leed: HSCIC http://doc.ukdataservice.ac.uk/doc/6884/mrdoc/pdf/6884theme1_oral_health_and_function.pdf

HSCIC (2015) Child Dental Health Survey 2013, England, Wales and Northern Ireland https://digital.nhs.uk/data-and-information/publications/statistical/children-s-dental-health-survey/child-dental-health-survey-2013-england-wales-and-northern-ireland

Huang, H., & Ougrin, D. (2021). Impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on child and adolescent mental health services. BJPsych Open, 7(5), E145. doi:10.1192/bjo.2021.976

Joint Commissioning Panel for Mental Health (2012) Guidance for commissioners of mental health services for young people making the transition from child and adolescent to adult services. London: Royal College of Psychiatrists  https://www.jcpmh.info/resource/guidance-commissioners-child-adolescent-mental-health-services/

National Cancer Intelligence Network (2013) Routes to diagnosis: Exploring emergency presentations. http://www.ncin.org.uk/publications/routes_to_diagnosis#

NHS Benchmarking Network (2020) 2019 Child and Adolescent Mental Health Services Project results published https://www.nhsbenchmarking.nhs.uk/news/2019-child-and-adolescent-mental-health-services-project-results-published

Public Health England (2019a) Human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination coverage in adolescent females in England: 2017/18: Report for England London: PHE https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/760902/HPV_2017_2018_annual_report.pdf

Public Health England (2019b) Vaccine coverage estimates for the school based meningococcal ACWY (MenACWY) adolescent vaccination programme in England, to 31 August 2018. London: PHE https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/773539/hpr0319_vc-menACWY.pdf

Public Health England (2020a) Human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination coverage in adolescent females and males in England: academic year 2019 to 2020 https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/927694/hpr1920_HPV-vc.pdf

Public Health England (2020b) Meningococcal ACWY (MenACWY) vaccine coverage for the NHS adolescent vaccination programme in England, academic year 2019 to 2020  https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/970000/hpr0521_MenACWY-vc.pdf

Public Health Scotland (2019) Child and Adolescent Mental Health Services (CAMHS) in Scotland: Waiting Times and Inpatient Activity and CAMHS Workforce in Scotland  https://www.isdscotland.org/Health-Topics/Mental-Health/Child-and-Adolescent-Mental-Health/index.asp


Public Health Wales (2018) HPV vaccinations for boys in Wales welcomed. http://www.wales.nhs.uk/sitesplus/888/news/49214

Royal College of Nursing (2004) Adolescent transition care: Guidance for nursing staff. London: RCN

RCPCH (2020) Digital by default or digital divide? Virtual healthcare consultations with young people 10 – 25 years https://www.rcpch.ac.uk/resources/digital-default-or-digital-divide-virtual-healthcare-consultations

Sadler K, Vizard T, Ford T, Goodman A and Goodman R (2018)  Mental health of children and young people in England, 2017. London: NHS Digital

Shanmugavadivel D, Sands R and Wood D (2014) Common presenting problems for young people attending the emergency department. Advances in Emergency Medicine, Vol 2014, Article ID 536080

Singh S (2009) Transition of care from child to adult mental health services: the great divide. Current Opinion in Psychiatry 22, 386-90 https://www.hindawi.com/journals/aem/2014/536080/

Yassaee A, Hargreaves D, Chester K, Lamb S, Hagell A and Brooks F (2017) Experience of primary care services among early adolescents in England and association with health outcomes. Journal of Adolescent Health, 60(4) 388-394 https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27914972

All data correct as of 1st November 2021